It is a statutory autonomous body for regulating and developing navigation and shipping in the inland waterways. Some of the declared waterways are – For National Waterways 4 and 5, IWAI initiated the proposals for development in July 2010. [8] The first national waterways established in India were the NW-1,2 & 3 (est. The Eleventh Five-Year Plan envisaged development of six national inland waterways. Barak river you must know as it’s part of national waterway 6. Correct Answer is : C. In an interview given Union Minister Nitin Gadkari was talking about the water conservation projects for rivers which don’t have water in March and April . On 7th August, the first Kisan Rail was flagged off between Devlali in Maharashtra and Danapur in Bihar as a weekly service. National Waterway 5. National Waterways: National Waterways means an Inland Waterway of India designated as a National Waterway by the Government. This will pave way for the inclusion of 106 additional inlands waterways. Brahmaputra River (Dhubri - Sadiya) Assam. There are 111 officially notified Inland National Waterways (NWs) in India identified for the purposes of inland water transport,as per The National Waterways Act, 2016. LA began regulating trash in waterways in 2001, and this year the Los Angeles River is on track to become nearly trash-free. 3) National Waterway 1 lies between Prayagraj to Haldia stratch in Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hoogly rivers. The National Waterways Act 2016, has declared 111 rivers or river stretches, creeks, estuaries in India as National Waterways. Study these maps carefully. Required fields are marked *, UPSC IAS Prelims Examination National Waterways India. … a) Only 1 and 2 b) Only 1 and 3 c) Only 3 d) Only 2 and 3. Inland waterways. Inland Water Transport (IWT) is recognized as a fuel efficient, cost effective and environment friendly mode of transport. As per the 7th Schedule of the Constitution each waterway has to be declared by an Act of Parliament. The Act declared 111 rivers or river stretches, creeks, estuaries as National (inland) Waterways. Inland waterway Authority was set up in 1986 for the development, maintenance, and regulation of national waterways. Some of the declared waterways are – National Waterways in India (UPSC Notes):-Download PDF Here. The Eluru canal comprises two distinct irrigation-cum – navigation canals, namely the Krishna Eluru canal of the eastern Krishna delta and the Godavari Eluru canal of western Godavari delta. The following waterway have been developed as national waterways by the government; It enables the Central Government to regulate these waterways for development with regard to shipping, navigation and transport through mechanically propelled vessels. Candidates should keep a track on the latest developments of the government schemes and project for their UPSC 2020 preparation. The lengths of the NW-4 in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Puducherry are as follows:[15]. 3) National Waterway 1 lies between Prayagraj to Haldia stratch in Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hoogly rivers. [9] In July 2006, T. R. Baalu, the Minister of Shipping, Road Transport and Highways announced the proposal for development of NW-4 in the Lok Sabha. [23], Godavari River (Bhadrachalam – Rajahmundry ), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, The Inland Vessels (Amendment) Bill, 2005, Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI), "Gazette Notification of commencement, Formation of Telangana", "A ₹3,000-crore makeover for Buckingham Canal", "Development Authority for Inland Waterways in India", http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=171321, http://www.livemint.com/Politics/wc7R9iHwZ9Ot7fLgl2k1cK/Venkaiah-Naidu-lays-foundation-stone-for-National-Waterway4.html, "National Level Infrastructure, Maritime Transport", "Lok Sabha passes National Waterways bills", "Budgetary provision for National waterways", "Ministry of Shipping Budget for the year 2009–2010", "Inland waterway projects hang fire as Plan panel delays nod", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=National_Waterway_4&oldid=995995378, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Central Inland Water Transport Corporation, Kakinada canal, Eluru canal, Commamur canal, Godavari river, Krishna river and North Buckingham canal, North Buckingham canal and South Buckingham canal, (Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu border at Tada to, A perpendicular line drawn across the Kakinada canal to Jaganadhapuram road bridge located at Kakinada at a distance of 500 m (1,600 ft) down stream at, Junction of East coast highway and Chinnakalwari-Kanagachettikulam road at Kanagachettikulam which is the end point of artificial canal link to Kaluvelly tank located at, Road bridge at Bhadrachalam across Godavari river at, Road bridge at Wazirabad across Krishna river at, Dowleswaram Barrage (Sir Arthur Cotton barrage) across river Godavari at Dowleswaram, Rajahmundry at, Prakasam barrage across river Krishna at Vijayawada at, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 23:51. The first three National Waterways (NW-1, 2 & 3) are being developed for shipping and navigation by providing basic inland transport infrastructural facilities, including navigational channel with required depth and width, aids for day and night navigation, and terminals at selected locations for berthing and loading/unloading of vessels. National Waterway 4 (NW-4) is a 1,095 kilometres (680 mi) long waterway in India. This body was created by the government of India in 1986 for regulating and developing inland waterways for shipping and navigation. Main consumers of limestone are nearby situated cement and steel industries like ACC, Andhra Cement, Parthasarathy Cements & Industries Ltd and Gauthami Cements as well as Visakhapatnam Steel Plant. The Sadiya-Dhubri stretch of the Brahmaputra river (891 Km) declared as National Waterway-2 in 1988 is located in the state of Assam. Title: Template 3 The Prelims exam consists of two papers – General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper-II (CSAT Paper). It is of prime importance amongst all the national waterways considering its locational advantages. The first-ever container cargo movement on Brahmaputra (National Waterway -2) will sail via National Waterway-1 (River Ganga), Indo-Bangladesh Protocol (IBP) route and National Waterway-2 (River Brahmaputra). 2: Sadiya-Dhubri stretch of the Brahmaputra river (891 Km) declared as NationalWaterway in 1988 … [17] The Godavari river system flows through the Bhadrachalam forests and coal deposits. It connects the Indian states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and the union territory of Puducherry. It undertakes these projects through grants from the Shipping Ministry. They have a combined length of 2,716 km (1,688 mi). To ensure optimum use of National Waterways (NWs), the Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) has launched a new portal LADIS – Least... 16 Feb 2019 News Analysis. THREE … [14] Phase one of the project envisages development of a stretch comprising Godavari and Krishna rivers, and Kakinada and Eluru canals, which has maximum cargo potential, at an estimated cost of ₹390 crore (equivalent to ₹789 crore or US$110 million in 2019) and land acquisition for remaining stretch at an estimated cost of ₹219 crore (equivalent to ₹443 crore or US$62 million in 2019). The tsunami waves drifted away towards the existing low-lying creeks at several places.[18][19]. The DPR of NW 5 was updated in 2014. The cost was re-estimated by WAPCOS in 2009 to ₹1,515 crore (equivalent to ₹31 billion or US$430 million in 2019), which involves two phase development of the project. In the upstream direction, traffic potential will be gained by transportation of forest products, wood pulp to Bhadrachalam where major paper mills like ITC Bhadrachalam and Andhra Pradesh paper mills (APPML) are located. Five national waterways have been declared so far. 4200 crore to be completed in six years. In NW–3, IWAI is carrying out dredging to provide a navigational depth and width of 2 m (6.6 ft) and 32 m (105 ft), respectively. Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways (MoPSW) intends to create Product Specific Warehouses/Silos at various Ports (including both Major and Non-Major Ports), Multi Modal Logistics Parks located near Port area and alongside the National Waterways. The Godavari Eluru canal takes off from the River section of river Godavari at Vijjeswaram (.mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}16°56′2″N 81°43′27″E / 16.93389°N 81.72417°E / 16.93389; 81.72417) in Rajahmundry on the upstream of Dowleiswaram anicut through a head sluice and joins Krishna Eluru canal at East Tammileru lock. National Waterway-4: Kakinada-Pudducherry stretch of canals and Kaluvelly tank, Bhadrachalam-Rajahmundry stretch of river Godavari and Wazirabad-Vijayawada stretch of river Krishna (1078 Km) declared as National Waterway in 2008 in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Union Territory of Puducherry. [11] In October 2008, another bill – the National waterways Bill, 2006 – was passed in Parliament. Navigation in rivers, lakes and other water bodies by smaller vessels connecting places not far from each other has been around for centuries, and been the mainstay of our inland waterways. Apart from this, many small paper mills are located in the East and West Godavari districts. There are 111 officially notified Inland National Waterways (NWs) in India identified for the purposes of inland water transport,as per The National Waterways Act, 2016. Crisp news summaries and articles on current events about National Waterway 1 for IBPS, Banking, UPSC, Civil services. National Waterways Act 2016. It declared the Kakinada-Pondicherry stretch of canals comprising the Kakinada canal, Eluru canal, Commamur canal, Buckingham canal, the Kaluvelly tank, Bhadrachalam- Rajahmundry stretch of rivers Godavari, Wazirabad-Vijayawada stretch of river Krishna in Telangana,[1] Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Puducherry as national waterways. Although the government demarcated five such National Waterways, the shipping ministry is unable to start the work on developing two of them (NW-4 & NW-5), as Planning Commission has not approved the development plans until now. Starting from Dowleiswaram on the left bank of the river Godavari through a head sluice and lock to Kakinada (approx. THREE … As a result of the delay in getting the Planning Commission approval and the funds, the ministry has suspended the plans for developing the sixth national inland waterway. National Waterway 4 is connect Kakinada to Pondicherry through Canals,Tank and River Godavari along with Krishna river. National Waterway 4: connect Kakinada to Pondicherry through Canals, Tank and River Godavari along with Krishna River. Study these maps carefully. Products Specific Warehouses/Silos to come up at Ports and National Waterways. 205. National Waterways Act, 2016. In March 2016, the National Waterways Act, 2016, came into being. Development works are being carried out with the objective of making all three National waterways fully operational with cargo and other inland vessels by March 2012. Correct Answer is : C. In an interview given Union Minister Nitin Gadkari was talking about the water conservation projects for rivers which don’t have water in March and April . Kerala. Also important because of issues over Teepaimukh dam; Exclude it, you reach the answer; Learning – National waterways, rivers and their tributaries given in NCERT, Surma – … [10] In addition to the three existing national waterways, the government also declared the following inland waterways as national waterways: The proposals were made into law with the passage of The Inland Vessels (Amendment) Bill, 2005 in 2007. 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NW-4 has been divided into four major cargo belts, namely Kakinada belt, Krishna belt, South Andhra Pradesh belt, and Chennai belt. Government Plan Programme Policies for UPSC Exam :: ‘Jal Marg Vikas’ (National Waterway-1) :: The ‘Jal Marg Vikas’ (National Waterway-1) project envisages to develop a fairway with 3 meters depth between Allahabad to Haldia covering a distance of 1620 kms at an estimated cost of Rs. The geography syllabus for the Prelims exam consists of Indian geography and World geography. The canal gets its water from the Godavari river through the Dowleiswaram barrage and thereafter connects Kakinada anchorage port. It is 1,620 km (1,010 mi) long, making it the longest waterway in India. National Water Way – 1 Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly River System (Haldia – Allahabad) Length – 1620 Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal National Water Way – 2 Brahmaputra River (Dhubri – Sadiya) Length – 891 Assam National Waterway – 3 West Coast Canal (Kottapuram – Kollam), Champakara and Udyogmandal Canals Length – 205 Kerala National Waterway – 4 Phase … National Waterway 4 (NW4) The most complex inland waterway, the National Waterway No. The Kakinada canal runs between Kakinada and Rajahmundry for a length of 50 km (31 mi). Main cargo to be transported in downstream direction from kakinada to rajahmundry are coal, fertilizer, salt and rock Phosphate. Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) has put in place a structured management and … In turn, the river section of the NW-4 comprises two major sections: The Godavari River section stretches from Bhadrachalam, Telangana to Dowleiswaram, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh. Latest Current Affairs in April, 2020 about National Waterway 1. As per the National waterways Act, 2016. It connects the Godavari river section from Bhadrachalam to Rajahmundry. The NW-4 runs along the Coromandal Coast through Kakinada, Eluru, Commanur, Buckingham Canals and also through part of Krishna and Godavari rivers in South India. The Act was introduced to – Make provisions for existing national waterways and to provide for the declaration of certain inland waterways to be national waterways. The Inland Waterways Authority of India will execute the project in two phases. However, it has lagged behind road and rail sectors in the country. [16] Techno-economic studies for establishment of National Waterways NW-4 was done by Water And Power Consultancy Services (WAPCOS), a subsidiary of Ministry of Water Resources. Candidates should keep a track on the latest developments of the government schemes and project for their UPSC 2020 preparation. Target UPSC and UP PCS. In the Tenth Five-Year Plan, Planning Commission has increased the budgetary provision for the development of inland water transport infrastructure to ₹636.73 crore (US$89 million), against ₹150 crore (US$21 million) in the Ninth Five-Year Plan. It connects the Indian states of Telangana,[1][2] Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and the union territory of Puducherry. In India, the national waterways are developed by the central government through the Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) – the regulatory body for the Inland Waterways Transport (IWT) sector. Provide for the regulation and development of the said waterways for the purposes of shipping and navigation and for… National Waterway 3. Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Infrastructure. The canal stretch from Basin bridge up to Marakkanam can constitute significant traffic of salt and marine products because of salt pans and aquaculture shrimp farms all along the route. The Krishna Eluru canal takes off from the river section on the left bank of Krishna river on the upstream of Prakasam barrage through a head sluice at Vijayawada and meets Godavari Eluru canal at east Tammileru lock at Eluru. Ministry of Shipping awaits the sum of ₹500 crore (US$70 million) that it needs to carry out the development works. Waterway map. The 82-km inland waterway stretch is Phase-1 of National Waterway-4 developed under Sagar Mala project. The canal section of NW-4 is formed by a combination of the Kakinada canal, the Eluru canal, Commamur canal, and the Buckingham canal. It has been declared as an Indian National Waterway and is currently under development. The National Waterways Act, 2016 has extended the length of NW-4 from 1,078 km (670 mi) to 2,890 km (1,800 mi) by connecting the Krishna and Godavari Rivers. Five national waterways have been declared so far. After lots of court hearings from the residents about whether or not it w… The Act was introduced to – Make provisions for existing national waterways and to provide for the declaration of certain inland waterways to be national waterways. In news . The National Waterway NW-4 comprises nearly 690 km (430 mi) of canal and 328 km (204 mi) of river sections. The NW 4 the second longest waterway of India with total lenght of 1095 km in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. For the newly declared 106 NWs, techno-economic feasibility studies have been initiated. The stretch of Buckingham Canal saved thousands of lives in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu along the coromandal coast from tsunami waves, that occurred on 26 December 2004. Also important because of issues over Teepaimukh dam; Exclude it, you reach the answer; Learning – National waterways, rivers and their tributaries given in NCERT, Surma – … Out of the 111 National Waterways (NWs) declared under the Act, 13 NWs are operational for shipping and navigation and cargo/passenger vessels are moving on them. Out of the 111 NWs, NW-1, … Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu laid foundation stone to develop Muktyal to Vijayawada waterway stretch on River Krishna as part of National Waterway 4 at Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh. Your email address will not be published. The stretch from Vijayawada to Peddaganjam (Ongole) is a vital trade link connecting Kakinada belt with south A.P and Tamil Nadu. The Krishna River flows through limestone deposits and cement industries at Jaggayyapeta. The objective of the project is to promote inland waterways as a cheap and environment-friendly means of transportation, especially for cargo movement. India has about 14500 km of navigable waterways. Main traffic in the downward direction are rice and food grains. Rice, food grains, fertilizers, chili peppers, tobacco, fish, granite and vegetables in the downstream direction from Peddaganjam to Chennai. Under Entry 24 of the Union List of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution, the Central Government can make laws on shipping and navigation on inland waterways which are classified as National Waterways by Parliament by law. There are a few important facts about National Highways of India which are important for UPSC: National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is an autonomous authority to develop, maintain, and manage the National Highways of India. It also has regional offices in various other cities and towns across the country. It was constructed during the 19th century along the Coromandal Coast. ; National Waterway-2. As early as 1993–95, IWAI commenced studies for developing an integrated canal linking Kakinada and Chennai. There are 111 officially notified National Waterways in … 5 km (3.1 mi) downstream from Kakinada Port). The region has until 2022 to get storm drain trash close to zero, and it’s already down 40 percent in local waterways. [22], Common factors attributable for delay in development of IWT are lack of infrastructure, absence of fixed scheduled services, poor navigational aids, lack of connectivity, longer river distances, multiple handling, and limited flow of private investments. Your email address will not be published. Provide for the regulation and development of the said waterways for the purposes of shipping and navigation and for… National Waterway 5 The concept of National Waterways was introduced in 1982 to promote the development of inland water transport in the country. The Krishna River section stretches from Wazirabad Nalgonda district, Telangana to Prakasam Barrage, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. In the upstream direction from Pondicherry via Marakkanam to Chennai, the main traffic consists of salt, fertilizers and timber from Marakkanam, Thiruvallur, Kanchipuram, Villupuram and Pondicherry. National Waterway 4 (NW4) The most complex inland waterway, the National Waterway No. The major towns in the vicinity capable of promoting IWT are Vijayawada, Guntur Tenali and Ongole. 5.Laws related to environmental and other impacts: In order to increase significance and efficiency of inland waterways, government has identified 10 important waterways which being given status of national waterways. About the IWAI Inland Waterways Authority of India. Marakkanam is connected to the Sea (Bay of Bengal) at Pondicherry by the Kalluvelly tank. Inland waterway Authority was set up in 1986 for the development, maintenance, and regulation of national waterways. The Buckingham canal is a tidal canal stretching from Peddaganjam lock to Chennai and further down south up to Marakkanam. The body chiefly undertakes development and maintenance projects of IWT infrastructure on national waterways. This was the first commercial container movement in India after independence. National Waterway 4 (NW-4) is a 1,095 kilometres (680 mi) long waterway in India. The National Waterways Act 2016, has declared 111 rivers or river stretches, creeks, estuaries in India as National Waterways. The country is bestowed with a plethora of diverse topography which enables different kinds of transportation. Transportation plays an important role in the development of a country and it is of great significance for a developing country like India. 4, was declared on November 24 in 2008. It will be used mainly for transportation of cement and construction .. Month: Current Affairs - October, 2017 [20] As per estimates drawn by consultants M/s RITES in 2002, the project will cost ₹542 crore (equivalent to ₹17 billion or US$230 million in 2019) and facilitate movement of 100 tonne vessels in the irrigation canal portion and 350 tonne in the rivers and Buckingham canal portion. And the Bay Area banned trash in storm drains in 2009. There is no significant traffic in the waterway except for movement of country boats which carry local produce. Rice and other food grains, rice bran extractions, coal, fertilizer and other general cargo are the substantive commodities which can boost the IWT in this stretch. In 1924 the city decided it needed more roads and most of the canals were filled in to pave them. Forest products will form traffic in the upstream direction. Types of cargo include coal, rice, foodgrains, cement, fertilisers, forest products, salt, and other bulk cargo. 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